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Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2014, Vol 14, Num, 2     (Pages: 507-513)

Comparison of Experimental Susceptibility of Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), Turbot (Psetta maxima), Black Sea Trout (Salmo trutta labrax) and Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) to Lactococcus garvieae

Mustafa Türe 1 ,Halil İbrahim Haliloğlu 2 ,Cemil Altuntaş 1 ,Halis Boran 3 ,İlyas Kutlu 1

1 Central Fisheries Research Institute, Fish Health Department, Trabzon, Turkey
2 Atatürk University, Faculty of Agriculture, 25240 Erzurum, Turkey
3 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University, Faculty of Fisheries, 53100 Rize, Turkey
DOI : 10.4194/1303-2712-v14_2_22 Viewed : 1425 - Downloaded : 1303 Lactococcus garvieae is a major fish pathogen leads to haemorragic septicemia in many fish species. Present study was designed to determine and compare differences in susceptibilities of some important fish species to L. garvieae. Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), Black Sea trout (Salmo trutta labrax; synonym, Salmo coruhensis), turbot (Psetta maxima), and sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) were kept at different temperature ranges (12-23°C) for 30 days and challenged by intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection and immersion (imm.) with L. garvieae (Lgper), isolated from rainbow trout and ATCC49156 strain. Bacteria were ranged between 1.7x105 - 2x106 colonies forming unit (cfu) fish-1 in experiments. As a result of the experiments, Lgper strain had high virulence for rainbow trout, with 98% mortality when challenged by i.p. injection. Rainbow trout and Black Sea trout tested at the lower temperature (12ºC) were less susceptible (max. mortality 16%) to L. garvieae. These two fish species had similar susceptibilities to L. garvieae (P>0.05). There was no mortality or any clinical signs when turbot and sea bass were challenged with L. garvieae. The results of the study generate important source in controlling of possible lactococcosis outbreaks in aquaculture industry. Keywords : L. garvieae, rainbow trout, turbot, Black Sea trout, sea bass, virulence