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Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2018, Vol 18, Num, 11     (Pages: 1255-1267)

Geotrichum candidum Enhanced the Enterococcus faecium Impact in Improving Physiology, and Health of Labeo rohita (Hamilton, 1822) by Modulating Gut Microbiome Under Mimic Aquaculture Conditions

Ifra Ghori 1-2 ,Misbah Tabassum 1 ,Tanveer Ahmad 1 ,Amina Zuberi 3 ,Muhammad Imran 1

1 Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad-45320, Pakistan
2 Department of Environmental Sciences, Fatima Jinnah Women University, The Mall Rawalpindi
3 Fisheries and Aquaculture Laboratory, Department of Animal Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, 45320, Pakistan
DOI : 10.4194/1303-2712-v18_11_02 Viewed : 1240 - Downloaded : 674 The present study is designed to evaluate the impact of potential probiotics Enterococcus faecium QAUEF01 in single and its mix-culture with Geotrichum candidum QAUGC01 on the Labeo rohita (Hamilton, 1822). In the mix-culture, both bacteria and yeast survived comparatively better under mimic gut conditions and showed higher hydrophobicity. Moreover, mix-culture showed comparatively more antipathogenic activity. A feeding trial of 90 days for L. rohita fingerlings comprising of three treatments, control group fed on basal diet, second group fed on E. faecium supplemented diet and third group was fed on mix-culture probiotics supplemented diet. Mix-culture probiotics fed group showed significantly higher (P<0.05) growth as compared to control. Better specific growth rate (SGR) was significantly correlated with the feed conversion ratio (FCR) and feed conversion efficiency (FCE), protease and cellulase activity in probiotic fed fishes. The applied probiotics established well in fish gut and shown no harmful impact on fish physiology. Probiotic application distinctly modulated fish gut microbiome evident by increased level of friendly microbiota and exclusion of potential fish pathogens. The results suggested an effective eco-friendly strategy to boost the fish productivity. Keywords : Probiotics, fish physiology, etagenomics and gut microbial diversity