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Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2016, Vol 16, Num, 2     (Pages: 491-497)

Synergistic Effects of Sublethal Concentrations of Cadmium and Zinc on Mortality, Growth and on Gills and Hepatopancreas Histological Structure of Litopenaeus vannamei Postlarvae

Martín G. Frías-Espericueta 1 ,Selene M. Abad-Rosales 2 ,Areli Vargas-Jiménez 1 ,Tania Sarabia- Espinoza 1 ,Beatriz A. Rodríguez-Salas 1 ,Isidro Osuna-López 1 ,Domenico Voltolin 1-3

1 Facultad de Ciencias del Mar, Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa, P.O. Box 1132, Mazatlán, Sinaloa, CP 82000 Mexico
2 Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo, Unidad Mazatlán, Av. Sábalo-Cerritos S/N, Mazatlán, Sinaloa, CP 82010, Mexico
3 Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste, Laboratorio UAS-CIBNOR, P.O. Box 1132, Mazatlán, Sinaloa, CP 82000 Mexico
DOI : 10.4194/1303-2712-v16_2_30 Viewed : 4344 - Downloaded : 3300 Litopenaeus vannamei postlarvae were exposed during 4 weeks to progressively increasing sublethal concentrations of cadmium and zinc (Cd: 8.8, 24, 72 and 216 µg L-1, Zn: 81, 160, 320 and 640 µg L-1), used alone or in mixture, in order to evaluate their joint effect on survival and growth, and on the histological structure of hepatopancreas and gills of the exposed organisms. After exposure to single metals there were no differences between control and treatments in survival and growth, while survival was significantly lower with the highest concentration of the mixture. Growth was also affected and showed a significant dose-related response. No histopathologies were observed in gills of shrimps exposed to single metals, while their hepatopancreas showed moderate to severe changes during the first three weeks. With the mixture, moderate edemas were present in gills lacunae and the hepatopancreas had sloughing of epithelial cells until the third week, but no histological alterations were evident by the end of the experiment. The results of this study show a synergistic effect of the mixture Cd + Zn on survival, growth and histological structure of hepatopancreas and gills of the Pacific white shrimp L. vannamei. Keywords : Metal mixture, synergistic effect, Litopenaeus vannamei, growth, histopathology