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Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2016, Vol 16, Num, 3     (Pages: 669-677)

Embryonic Development and Hatching Rate of Blue Swimming Crab, Portunus pelagicus (Linnaeus, 1758) under Different Water Salinities

Mhd Ikhwanuddin 1 ,Mohamad N. Azra 2 ,Nor Faizah Noorulhudha 3 ,Abdullah Siti-Aishah 3 ,Ambok Bolong Abol-Munafi 2

1 University Malaysia Terengganu, Institute of Tropical Aquaculture, 21030, Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia
2 University Malaysia Terengganu,School of Fisheries and Aquaculture Sciences, , 21030, Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia
3 University Malaysia Terengganu, School of Marine Science and Environment, , 21030, Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia
DOI : 10.4194/1303-2712-v16_3_21 Viewed : 3967 - Downloaded : 4144 The effects of different salinity levels on egg size, spawning and hatching success of the blue swimming crab, Portunus pelagicus were studied. The morphology of embryo were observed and classified into 10 embryonic stages. This study is important to expand the knowledge on P. pelagicus embryo and it’s hatching mechanism. Berried female incubated in 5 ppt did not survive thus any further study in this treatment was not conducted. Female incubated 15 ppt did not spawn and those incubated in 45 ppt had retarded development and eventually relaesed, thus the study on egg size was not conducted. The prehatch stage mean egg diameter that incubated in 25 ppt was largest compared to both incubated in 30 ppt and 35 ppt. Higher percentage increase in egg size occurred mostly at stage near hatching. Total incubation period for berried female incubated in 25, 30 and 35 ppt was 10 days.The morphological characteristic of P. pelagicus embryo was almost the same as other brachyuran crab in which, the appendage will form followed by eye formation, present of chromatophore, heartbeat and then ready to hatch. The results from the study could be used for further in vitro fertilization techniques of crustacean culture. Keywords : Crustacean, reproductive biology, environmental factor, embryology study