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Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2002, Vol 2, Num, 1     (Pages: 97-99)

Significance of Pigmentation and Use in Aquaculture

İbrahim Diler 1 ,Kamil Dilek 2

1 Kepez Aquaculture Center, P.O.Box: 190, 07001 Antalya, Turkey
2 Kocaeli University, College of Karamürsel, Kocaeli, Turkey
Viewed : 4119 - Downloaded : 7818 Aquaculture is a rapidly growing global industry, comprising cultivation of various freshwater and marine species of finfish, prawn, and ornamental fish. By the year 2000, as much as 20% of the world 3% of the Turkey production of fish will be based on aquaculture. Properly formulated feeds and pigmentation are a significant part of successful aquaculture. Carotenoids play a major role in culture of some species i.e. salmon and rainbow trout, gold fish, red and gilthead sea bream. Various biological and nutritional roles for carotenoids in some species are documented along with the effect of biotic and abiotic factors on astaxanthin and final flesh or skin pigmentation. In this review role of carotenoids related technical knowledge in aquaculture besides practical knowledge to farmers. Keywords : astaxanthin, pigmentation, aquaculture, feed additive