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Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2013, Vol 13, Num, 3     (Pages: 407-414)

Effects of Probiotic (Bacillus sp.) Supplementation during Larval Development of Gilthead Sea Bream (Sparus aurata, L.)

Nihan Arığ 1 ,Cüneyt Suzer 1 ,Alize Gökvardar 1 ,Fatih Başaran 2 ,Deniz Çoban 3 ,Şükrü Yıldırım 1 ,H. Okan Kamacı 1 ,Kürşat Fırat 1 ,Şahin Saka 1

1 Ege University, Faculty of Fisheries, Aquaculture Department, 35100, Bornova, Izmir, Turkey
2 Nektar Yem Inc. Narlıdere, İzmir, Turkey
3 Adnan Menderes University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Aquaculture Engineering, 09010 Aydın, Turkey
DOI : 10.4194/1303-2712-v13_3_03 Viewed : 4484 - Downloaded : 6072 In this study, the effects of administration of commercial probiotic, Bacillus sp., were examined on growth parameters and digestive proteases (alkaline and acid proteases) activities in gilthead sea bream, Sparus aurata, during larval development until on day 40. Probiotics were supplemented in triplicate from on day 3 coinciding with starting of exogenous feeding. In the experimental group, probiotic was introduced to rotifer and tank water until 20 days after hatching. Also, control group did not receive probiotic. In experimental group, the specific activities of alkaline protease was significantly higher (p<0.05) in larvae compared to control group. Acid protease activity was not effected by probiotic supplementation however, it was relatively higher in experimental group than the control (P>0.05). Additionally, no significant differences were found in both survival (8.5% higher) and specific growth rate (0.7% higher) larvae of S. aurata that had probiotic supplemented by rotifer with water as compared to controls (P>0.05). Consequently, specific activities of alkaline and acid protease could be significantly increased by the administration of Bacillus sp. to live food with water the and therefore; this method would be more effective for obtaining of relatively better growth parameters and nutritional condition in S. aurata larvae. Keywords : Bacillus, Probiotic, digestive enzyme activity, growth, survival, Sparus aurata