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Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2024, Vol 24, Num, 8     (Pages: TRJFAS24612)

Seasonal and Inter-annual Variability in the East of the Sea of Marmara Water Masses by Temperature and Salinity Time Series

Kubilay Dökümcü 1-2 ,Hüsne Altıok 1

1 Istanbul University Institute of Marine Sciences and Management, Istanbul/Türkiye
2 Istanbul Technical University, Department of Shipbuilding and Ocean Engineering, Istanbul, Türkiye
DOI : 10.4194/TRJFAS24612 Viewed : 215 - Downloaded : 127 This study mainly aims to examine the relationship between oceanographic properties and climate change in the conjunction of the Istanbul Strait (IS), specifically in the east of the Sea of Marmara (SoM) via evaluating observational temperature and salinity profiles at six stations with monthly atmospheric pressure and air temperature during the period of 1997-2010. The annual cycle of temperature and salinity of the upper and lower layers in the east of SoM have strong seasonal variation: The upper layer temperature rises during summer while decreases in winter. Conversely, the lower layer temperature is higher in winter compared to spring and summer. Additionally, salinity levels in the upper layer are higher in winter and lower in summer, whereas in the lower layer, the pattern is reversed, with lower salinity in winter and higher salinity in summer. In this context, linear trend analyzes are calculated by using monthly time series of temperature and salinity and compared with the trends of atmospheric conditions and the surrounding seas. The average temperature trend in the east of the SoM is increase of 0.067°C/y in the upper layer and increase of 0.028°C/y in the lower layer during this period. The salinity trend is increase of 0.105 psu/y in the upper layer and increase of 0.012 psu/y in the lower layer. The air temperature trend is increase of 0.086°C/y, and the air pressure trend is decrease of 0.034 mbar/y. These values closely align with those observed in the surrounding seas. The air temperature and upper layer temperatures are consistent with each other in terms of both long-term series and trend values. Keywords : Climate change Trend analysis Temperature Salinity Sea of Marmara