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Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2024, Vol 24, Num, 2     (Pages: TRJFAS24397)

Raw Fish-based Moist Pellet and Extruded Pellet on Growth, Levels and Expression of GH/IGF Axis, Intestinal Enzyme Activity and Gastrointestinal Morphology of Olive Flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus): An Actual Field Study

Chae-Yeon Jeon 1 ,Bong-Seung Seo 1 ,Josel Cadangin 1 ,Ji-Hye Lee 1 ,Su-Jin Park 1 ,Hsu Htoo 1 ,Ji-Sung Moon 2 ,Seunghan Lee 3 ,Sang-Woo Hur 3 ,Jin-Woo Song 4 ,Jae-Sik Kim 4 ,Kyeong-Jun Lee 5 ,Youn-Hee Choi 1-6

1 Department of Fisheries Biology, Pukyong National University, Busan 48513, Korea
2 Institute of Fisheries Sciences, Pukyong National University, Busan, 46041, Republic of Korea
3 Aquafeed Research Center, National Institute of Fisheries Science, Pohang 37517, Korea
4 Jeju Fish-Culture Fisheries Cooperatives, Jeju 63021, Korea
5 Department of Marine Life Science, Jeju National University, Jeju 63234, Korea
6 Division of Fisheries Life Sciences, Pukyong National University, Busan 48513, Korea
DOI : 10.4194/TRJFAS24397 Viewed : 659 - Downloaded : 422 A six-month feeding trial was conducted to investigate the effect of moist pellet (MP) and commercial extruded pellet (EP) on the somatic growth, level and expression of GH/IGF axis, intestinal enzyme activity and gastrointestinal morphology of olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) reared under actual farm conditions. MP was a raw fish-based diet composed of mackerel and cutlass fish while EP diet was a locally-produced commercial feed. Weight growth rate showed no significant difference (P>0.05), although EP-fed fish had a better somatic yield. Feed conversion ratio was better and condition factor has significantly improved when given EP diet (P<0.05). Plasma level of growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor 1 was comparably similar between diets, but EP-fed olive flounder had a higher hepatic IGF-1 expression (P<0.05). The activity of trypsin, chymotrypsin and lipase were insignificantly influenced by diets (P>0.05). The overall gastrointestinal morphology was in similitude regardless of diets, but EP- fed fish had a longer intestinal villi length and goblet cell count in the pyloric caeca (P<0.05). These dietary induced differences are discussed to have partly promoted better growth in EP diet. The findings suggest an equivalent, or better utilization of EP diet in the actual farm operation. Keywords : Flatfish aquaculture Feeding Farm condition Somatic growth Digestive physiology