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Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2020, Vol 20, Num, 4     (Pages: 279-290)

Distribution and Biology of Aphanius fasciatus (Actinopterygii, Cyprinodontidae) in The Isonzo River Mouth (Friuli Venezia Giulia, Northeast Italy)

Marco Bertoli 1 ,Piero G. Giulianini 1 ,Jessica Chiti 1 ,Matteo De Luca 2 ,Paolo Pastorino 1-3 ,Marino Prearo 3 ,Elisabetta Pizzul 1

1 Life Science Department, University of Trieste, Via Giorgieri 10, 34127 Trieste, Italy
2 Natural Regional Reserve of the Isonzo River Mouth, Cona, 34079 Staranzano (Gorizia), Italy
3 Experimental Zooprofilactic Institute of Piedmont, Liguria and Valle d'Aosta, Via Bologna 148, 10154 Torino, Italy
DOI : 10.4194/1303-2712-v20_4_04 Viewed : 2659 - Downloaded : 2344 The aim of the study is to investigate Aphanius fasciatus biology in the northern section of its distribution area. Within the Natural Regional Reserve of the Isonzo River Mouth, 8 sampling sites were monitored between late spring (May) and autumn (November) in 2015 and 2016: 257 specimens were collected, and five age classes were determined by scale reading (0+ to 4+). No significant differences were observed for total length and weight between sexes. Sex ratio was 2.37 and favored females. Seven meristic characters were analyzed on 60 specimens found dead: values showed no significant differences between sexes, except for the number of vertical flank bars in 0+ and 1+ age classes. The gonadosomatic index was analyzed on 33 specimens, showing maximum values in June for females (11.44%) and in July for males (5.74%). Values decrease over following months and reaching a minimum in late August for females (0.42%); no data were available for males in August. Histological analyses suggest that A. fasciatus is a multiple serial spawner: the reproductive period starts in June, while the first recruitment phase occurs in August. Female gonads showed asynchronous development, with germinal cells at each maturation stage, but no dominant phases were observed. Keywords : Gonadosomatic index, Reproductive cycle, Growth, Banded killifish, Biometric analysis