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Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2017, Vol 17, Num, 7     (Pages: 1415-1424)

Growth, Feed Utilization, Apparent Digestibility and Fatty Acid Composition of Beluga (Huso huso) Juveniles to Different Inclusion Levels of Whole Seed Meal of Faba Bean (Vicia faba)

Somayyeh Soltanzadeh 1 ,Hossein Ouraji 2 ,Abolghasem Esmaeili Fereidouni 2 ,Hossein Ali Salmanpour Ahmadi 3 ,Mohammad Kazem Khalesi 2

1 Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University (SANRU), Faculty of Animal Sciences and Fisheries, Sari, Iran
2 Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University (SANRU), Faculty of Animal Sciences and Fisheries, Sari, Iran
3 Ghaemshahr Islamic Azad University, Ghaemshahr, Iran
DOI : 10.4194/1303-2712-v17_6_35 Viewed : 5072 - Downloaded : 3055 This study was conducted to evaluate the inclusion of whole faba bean (Vicia faba) meal (WFBM) on growth, feed utilization, apparent digestibility, and flesh fatty acid composition of juvenile beluga (Huso huso) (n = 144; initial weight = 82 g) at six levels 0 (control), 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25%) in a completely randomized design (each with three replicates) in 18 tanks (250 L) for 56 days. Growth performance, final weight, weight gain, average daily growth rate, and feed efficiency of fish fed diets containing 0, 5, and 10% WFBM were higher (P≤0.05) compared to other groups; and the poorest values (P≤0.05) were attained in the fish fed with 25% WFBM. Feed conversion ratio values showed rising trend with significant differences (P≤0.05) by increasing WFBM levels in diets containing 20 and 25% WFBM (0.79-0.82). Apparent digestibility of dry matter, protein, and lipid contents relatively decreased (P≤0.05) with increasing levels of WFBM from 10 to 25%. Flesh fatty acid composition showed elevated total n-6 fatty acids (P≤0.05) whereas the content of total n-3 decreased (P≤0.05) with increasing of the incorporated WFBM level. The ratio of n-3/n-6 significantly declined (P≤0.05) with raising the incorporated WFBM level. A decreasing trend in eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids contents and a relatively increasing trend in oleic and linoleic acids contents were obtained in treatments with high dietary WFBM levels (P≤0.05). According to the results, WFBM can be included only up to 10% of juvenile beluga diet without any adverse effects on growth, digestibility, and flesh fatty acid composition. Keywords : Huso huso, whole faba bean meal (WFBM), growth performance, feed utilization, fatty acid composition