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Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2017, Vol 17, Num, 3     (Pages: 535-542)

Effects of Acute Temperature Change and Temperature Acclimation on the Respiratory Metabolism of the Snakehead

Hang Xie 1 ,Xiao Lü 1 ,Jing Zhou 2 ,Chenchen Shi 1 ,Yongli Li 1 ,Ting Duan 1 ,Ge Li 1 ,Yiping Luo 1

1 Southwest University, School of Life Sciences, Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Freshwater Fish Reproduction and Development, Chongqing, 400715 China
2 Chongqing Medical and Pharmaceutical College, Department of Clinical Medicine, Chongqing, 401331 China
DOI : 10.4194/1303-2712-v17_3_10 Viewed : 8719 - Downloaded : 6079 The effects of acute temperature change and the following two weeks of acclimation from the initial 25°C to 15, 20, 30, and 35°C on the respiratory metabolism of the snakehead (Channa argus), a species tolerant to wide temperature range were examined in this study. The resting metabolic rate (RMR), ventilation frequency (VF), and several hematological parameters were determined. RMRof the fish post either acute temperature change or chronic acclimation was positively correlated with temperature, and exhibited V-shaped Q10 values change vs temperature, which suggests that the snakehead has a varying thermal metabolic sensitivity dependent on temperature range. The decreased Q10 value for RMR post chronic acclimation suggests that the metabolic thermal sensitivity of the snakehead can be reduced by acclimation. The VF increased with increasing temperature slower than RMR, which suggests that regulation of VF alone may not be sufficient to satisfy the oxygen demand of the snakehead as temperature increases. Cold compensation was observed in VF, but not RMR, which could be due to a decreasing oxygen exchange capacity of the gill during cold acclimation. Thus, the compensation in VF of cold acclimated fish may be necessary to maintain oxygen supply. Keywords : Fish, gill, oxygen consumption, thermal compensation