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Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2018, Vol 18, Num, 4     (Pages: 501-507)

Effects of Phytase and Citric Acid Supplemented Corn Gluten (30%) MealBased Diets on the Mineral Digestibility of Cirrhinus mrigala Fingerlings

Syed Makhdoom Hussain 1 ,Nisar Ahmad 1 ,Arshad Javid 2 ,Muhammad Mudassar Shahzad 1 ,Majid Hussain 3 ,Muhammad Zubair-ul-Hassan Arsalan 1

1 Government College University, Fish Nutrition Lab, Department of Zoology, Faisalabad, Pakistan
2 University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Department of Wildlife and Ecology, Lahore, Pakistan
3 University of Gujrat, Department of Zoology, Gujrat, Pakistan
DOI : 10.4194/1303-2712-v18_4_01 Viewed : 432 - Downloaded : 229 Phytic acid is a major part of oilseed meals which reduces bioavailability of minerals and protein to fish. The present research project was planned to check the effects of citric acid and phytase supplementation in corn gluten (30%) meal-based diets, on mineral digestibility of Cirrhinus mrigala fingerlings. The diets were formulated to supply adequate levels of all required nutrients for normal fish growth. Feces were collected twice a day from each tank. Effect of each treatment on the minerals digestibility was calculated using standard formulae. Highest apparent digestibility coefficient % of minerals (Calcium 68%, Phosphorus 77%, Sodium 64%, Potassium 62%, Magnesium 53%, Iron 64%, Copper 68%, Manganese 67% and Zinc 74%) was observed in the fish fed at 5% citric acid and 500 FTUkg-1 phytase in corn gluten (30%) meal-based diet. Results of the current study indicated that addition of 5% citric acid and 500 FTUkg-1 phytase to corn gluten (30%) mealbased diet was most effective among the levels to release the chelated minerals to Cirrhinus mrigala from phytate complexes. Hence, the use of citric acid (5%) and phytase (500 FTUkg-1) improves the fish performance when both were used in corn gluten (30%) meal-based diets. Keywords : Fishmeal, apparent digestibility coefficient, control diet, test diet