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Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2018, Vol 18, Num, 1     (Pages: 49-55)

The Optimization of Wide-Type Zebrafish, Danio rerio (Hamilton, 1822) Reproduction in Low Temperatures under Controlled Conditions

Dariusz Kucharczyk 1 ,Paweł Stępień 2 ,Joanna Nowosad 1 ,Krzysztof Kupren 1-3 ,Katarzyna Targońska 1 ,Roman Kujawa 1

1 Warmia and Mazury University in Olsztyn, Department of Lake and River Fisheries, Poland
2 Warmia and Mazury University in Olsztyn, Institute of Geodesy, Poland
3 University of Warmia and Mazury, Department of Tourism, Recreation and Ecology, Poland
DOI : 10.4194/1303-2712-v18_1_06 Viewed : 357 - Downloaded : 226 Zebrafish is popular aquarium fish and laboratory model species but some aspects of advanced spawning technologies, especially of reproduction and rearing in low temperatures (> 25 °C), which involve the production of high quality and viable gametes, should be studied. In the present study fish before spawning were reared at cold thermal regime: 19-20 °C. From three tested temperatures for fish spawning, the highest spawning effectiveness was noted at 23 °C. The highest rate of embryo survival was noted when the temperature in which the spawners were kept before spawning was the lowest (19 °C). In the spawning of small breeders groups, the number of males should be higher than the number of females. If the sex rate was 1:1, the lowest embryo survival was noted. From the breeding perspective fish of this species should be reproduced again shortly after the completed spawning a time between spawns should be 20 to 60 days if the spawners were kept at 19 °C. Keeping the fish between spawning periods more than 40 days results in a significant deterioration of quality of gametes, expressed as embryo survival. It was observed that spawners of this species produce viable gametes and spawn successfully every 20 days, during a few following spawning periods without changes of embryo survival. Keywords : temperatures, spawning, controlled conditions, zebrafish